April 25th of every year marks world malaria day, with the new step in treating malaria by the use of the malaria vaccine, the fight against malaria just got better. The malaria vaccine would help reduce malaria death rates, especially in sub-Saharan Africa.
While we celebrate World Malaria Day; here are some facts you properly did not know about malaria.
- Malaria means bad air. In the 1800s people thought that malaria spread through bad or polluted air in marshy areas and hence the word “malaria” came into the picture.
- There are around 400 species of Anopheles mosquito and 30 of these 400 are vectors of malaria. These mosquitoes prefer the timings from dusk to dawn and lay eggs mostly in freshwater.
- Pregnant women are extremely vulnerable to malaria. If the disease is contracted during pregnancy, it can be passed to the infant or result in low birth weight, which decreases the baby’s chance of survival.
- Malaria is one of the leading causes of death in children under 5, taking the life of a child practically every 2 minutes.
- Globally, malaria control and elimination require billions of dollars in investment and a concerted effort between governments, health care providers and communities coming together to create awareness, increase prevention and provide treatment.
- There is now a malaria vaccine pilot program