RARE MEDICAL CONDITIONS YOU SHOULD KNOW

There are a lot of medical conditions already known to man and yet there is a lot not known. 90% of the world population may at some point suffer from a medical condition known to us but the 10% population of the world suffer from mind-blowing conditions most of which may be the opposite of normal to an average individual.

  1. Auto-Brewery Syndrome: Auto-brewery syndrome also known as a gut-fermentation syndrome is a rare medical condition in which people experience intoxication without taking even one drop of alcohol.

An excess of Saccharomyces cerevisiae — a type of yeast — in the gut is the main culprit, which leads to the fermentation process of Carbohydrates that produces ethanol which in turn intoxicate the individual even without drinking.

The treatment for auto-brewery syndrome is a change in diet requiring low carbohydrates and high protein.

Sugar is fermented into alcohol, and a diet that effectively lowers sugars also lowers the alcohol that can be fermented from it. Anything that causes an imbalance between the beneficial and harmful bacteria in the gut can help increase the chance that fermentation in the gut will develop.

    2. CIPA (Congenital Insensitivity To Pain With Anhidrosis): CIPA is   caused by a genetic mutation which prevents the formation of nerve cells which are responsible for transmitting signals of pain, heat, and cold to the brain.

People suffering from this, are unable to feel pain and are likely to injure themselves without even knowing about it until they see the blood or injury.

 It is also known as hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type IV, is an inherited disease, the signs and symptoms of CIPA usually appear at birth or during infancy.

    3. Ondine’s Curse: it is also known as the Central hypoventilation syndrome (CHS) Patients who are afflicted with central hypoventilation syndrome do not have the ability to maintain regular respiration during sleep or may stop breathing during sleep. Most affected individuals have an onset shortly after birth. It has been reported to start later, however, with even adult cases documented. Symptoms may be brought out in milder cases with the use of anesthesia or sedatives.

Treatment of this condition involves the use of a ventilator connected to a tracheostomy tube at the front of the throat whenever the affected individual goes to sleep, even during naps. If this were not used, someone with this condition could die anytime they fall asleep.

4. Fatal Familial Insomnia: This rare genetic disorder usually strikes with initial worsening sleeplessness and then total insomnia which leads to the person’s physical and mental deterioration. Death usually follows within 18 months or less. There is no known cure for this condition.

5. Syndrome X: this is a very rare condition as it has only occurred in 6 individuals up to date. The most popular of all is Brooke Greenberg, who remained physically and cognitively similar to a toddler; she couldn’t walk or talk and was fed daily by stomach tube. Despite her increasing age, she was about 30 in (76 cm) tall, weighed about 16 lb (7.3 kg) and had an estimated mental age of nine months to one year. Brooke Greenberg who later died in 2013 at the age of 20, died with the body of a toddler.

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